A comprehensive list of animals, plants, fungi, and algae identified from the Gray Fossil Site. 

INVERTEBRATES

Pea clams (Genus Pisidium)
Land snails (Family Haplotrematidae)

Ostracods (Genus Heterocypris)
                 (Genus Candona)            

Weevils (Superfamily Curculionoidea)
Wood-boring beetles (Family Buprestidae)
Ground beetles (Family Carabidae)
Dung beetles (Family Scarabaeidae)

VERTEBRATES

Freshwater sunfish (Family Centrarchidae)

Toads (Genus Bufo)
Tree frogs (Genus Hyla)
Chorus frogs (Genus Pseudacris)
“True” frogs (Genus Rana)
Spadefoot toads (Genus Scaphiopus)

Tiger salamanders (Genus Ambystoma)
Dusky salamanders (Genus Desmognathus)
Woodland salamanders (Genus Plethodon)
Newts (Genus Notophthalmus)

Slider turtles (*New species* Trachemys haugrudi) ƚ
Musk turtles (*New species* Sternotherus palaeodorus)
ƚ
             
aka “Old Stinky”
Snapping turtles (Genus Chelydra)

Pond turtles (Genus Emys/Emydoidea)
Painted turtles (Genus Chrysemys)
Box turtles (Genus Terrapene)
Tortoises (Genus Hesperotestudo)
ƚ

Beaded lizards (Genus Heloderma)
Skinks (Family Scincidae)
Glass lizards (Subfamily Anguinae)

Alligators (Genus Alligator)

Zilant snakes (*New species* Zilantophis schuberti) ƚ
Rat snakes (Genus Pantherophis)
Bull snakes (Genus Pituophis)
Coachwhips (Genus Masticophis)
Worm snakes (Genus Carphophis)
Ring-necked snakes (Genus Diadophis)
Hooknose snakes (Genus Gyalopion)
Hognose snakes (Genus Heterodon)
Garter snakes (Genus Thamnophis)
Water snakes (Genus Nerodia)
Vipers (Family Viperidae)
Boas (Family Boidae)

Ducks (Genus Aix and Anas)
Geese (Genus Nettapus)
Sandpipers (Genus Scolopax)
Cuckoos (Genus Coccyzus)
Hawks (Genus Accipiter)
Pygmy owls (Genus Glaucidium)
Quails (Family Odontophoridae)
Pheasants or Turkeys (Family Phasianidae)
Rails (Family Rallidae)
Icterids (Family Icteridae)
Flycatchers (Family Tyrannidae)
Parrots or Parakeets (Family Psittacidae)

Camels (Family Camelidae)
Giraffe-deer (Genus Pediomeryx) ƚ
Peccaries (Species Prosthenops serus) ƚ
                 (Species Mylohyus elmorei) ƚ

Tapirs (Species Tapirus polkensis) ƚ
              aka Polk’s dwarf tapir
Barrel-chested rhinos (*New species* Teleoceras aepysoma) ƚ

Horses (Species Cormohipparion emsliei) ƚ

Mastodons (Genus Mammut) ƚ

Ground sloths (Family Megalonychidae) ƚ

Red pandas (*New species* Pristinailurus bristoli) ƚ
              aka Bristol’s Appalachian panda
Woodland badgers (*New species* Arctomeles dimolodontus) ƚ
Wolverines (*New species* Gulo sudorus) ƚ
Skunks (Species Buisnictis breviramus) ƚ
Ringtails (Genus Bassariscus)

Short-faced bears (Genus Plionarctos) ƚ
Saber-toothed cats (Subfamily Machairodontinae) ƚ
Bone-crushing dogs (Subfamily Boraphaginae) ƚ

Big brown bats (Genus Eptesicus)
Tricolored bat (Genus Perimyotis)

Hairy-tailed moles (Genus Parascalops)
Desmans (Subfamily Desmaninae)
Shrew-moles (Genus Quyania) ƚ
Other extinct moles (Genus Mioscalops) ƚ

Long-tailed shrews (Genus Sorex)
Short-tailed shrews (Genus Blarinella)
Other extinct shrews (Genus Crusafontina) ƚ
                                 (Genus Paenelimneocus) ƚ
                                 (Genus Petenyia) ƚ
                                 (Genus Tregosorex) ƚ

Beavers (Genus Castor)
              (Genus Dipoides) ƚ
Flying squirrels (Genus Glaucomys)
Giant flying squirrels (Genus Miopetaurista)
Chipmunks (Genus Eutamias)
Packrats (Genus Neotoma)
Birch mice (Genus Sicista)
Other extinct mice (Genus Antecalomys) ƚ
                              (Genus Repomys) ƚ
                              (Species Postcopemys reppeningi) ƚ
                              (Species Symmetrodontomys daamsi) ƚ

Extinct rabbits (Species Alilepus vagus) ƚ
                        (Species Notolagus lepusculus) ƚ

PLANTS

Hornworts (Species Rudolphisporis major) ƚ

Adder’s Tongue Ferns (Family Ophioglossaceae)
Clubmosses (Family Lycopodiaceae)

Bald cypress (Genus Taxodium)
Eastern hemlock (Species Tsuga canadensis)
Firs (Genus Abies)
Pines (Genus Pinus)
Spruces (Genus Picea)
Yews (Genus Taxus)

Alder (Genus Alnus)
Ash (Genus Fraxinus)
American basswood (Species Tilia americana)
Bayberry (Family Myricaceae)
Beech (Genus Fagus)
Birch (Genus Betula)
Black walnut (Species Juglans nigra)
Bladdernut (Family Staphyleaceae)
Cavilignum (*New species* Cavilignum pratchettii) ƚ
Cherry/plum (Genus Prunus)
Chestnut (Genus Castanea)
Ebony (Genus Diospyros)
Hackberry (Genus Celtis)
Hazelnut (Genus Corylus)
Hickory (*New species* Carya tennesseensis) ƚ
Honeysuckle (Family Caprifoliaceae)
Hornbeam (Genus Carpinus)
Katsura (Genus Cercidiphyllum)
Maple (Species Acer “leucoderme”) ƚ
Oak (Genus Quercus)
Oleaster (Genus Elaeagnus)
Prickly-ash (Genus Zanthoxylum)
Raspberry/Blackberry (Genus Rubus)
Silverbell (Family Styracaceae)
Slippery elm (Species Ulmus rubra)
Sumac (Genus Rhus)
Sweetgum (Species Liquidabmar styraciflua)
Tupelos (Genus Nyssa)
Viburnum (Genus Viburnum)
Willow (Genus Salix)
Wingnuts (Genus Pterocarya)
Winterhazel (Genus Distylium)
Witch hazel (*New species* Corylopsis grisea) ƚ
Yaupon Holly (Species Ilex vomitoria)

Bur-reed (Genus Sparganium)
Cane/Bamboo (Genus Arudinaria)
Restios (Species Milfordia hungarica)
Sedges (Family Cyperaceae)

Creeper vines (Genus Parthenocissus)
Grapevines (*New species* Vitis grayensis) ƚ
               (*New species* Vitis lanatoides) ƚ
               (*New species* Vitis latisculata) ƚ
Moonseed (*New species* Sinomenium macrocarpum) ƚ
Morning glory (Genus Ipomoea)
Sargent glory vine (Genus Sargentodoxa)

Amaranths (Family Amaranthaceae)
Cocklebur (Genus Xanthium)
Croton (Genus Croton)
Dwarf mistletoe (Genus Arceuthobium)
Evening primrose (Family Onagraceae)
Flax (Genus Linum)
Meadow-rue (Genus Thalictrum)
Mustard (Family Brassicaceae)

Pinks (Family Caryophyllaceae)
Poison hemlock (Genus Conium)

Pondweed (Genus Potamogeton)
Ragweed (Genus Ambrosia)
Smartweeds (Genus Persicaria)
Spurge (Genus Euphorbia)
Titi (Genus Cyrilla)
Water hemlock (Genus Cicuta)

Water lilies (Family Nymphaeaceae)

FUNGI

Genus Callimothallus sp.
Genus Cenococcum sp.
Species Cephalothecoidomyces neogenicus
Genus Trichothyrites sp.

ALGAE

Species Ovoidites elongates ƚ
Species Ovoidites grandis ƚ
Species Ovoidites spriggii ƚ
*New species* Stigmozygodites grayensis ƚ

Species Stigmozygodites mediostigmosus ƚ
Species Stigmozygodites microfoveolatoides ƚ

Species Botryococcus braunii
Species Tetraedron minimum
Species Pediastrum boryanum
Species Pediastrum integrum
Genus Leiosphaeridia ƚ